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    Announcement Archives: Issues

    Excessive Shrinkage

    exposure to excessive temperatures

    Surface Wear/Erosion

    mechanical erosion by catalyst

    Surface or Internal Cracks

    repeated thermal cycling


    chemical corrosion can cause erosion, cracking and disruption of thermal lining

    Slag Build-up

    attack of hot face of refractory lining by alkalis

    Thermal Cycling

    repeated thermal cycling causes cracking at surface of brick

    Anchoring System Failure

    insufficient anchoring to withstand thermal stresses

    Thermal Mechanical Spalling

    excessive thermal expansion at refractory hot face results in pinch spalling at refractory joints